Theorizing the path dependencies and hierarchical structure of the multidimensional risks in green building projects


Green buildings are designed, constructed, and operated to reduce the consumption of energy, electricity, water, materials, and natural resources over the whole lifecycle. However, the added sustainability objectives expose green building (GB) projects to additional uncertainties and unpredictable risks. This paper conducted a systematic literature review to identify, categorize, and theorize the chain reactions of various risks in GB projects. Results revealed ninety-six (96) critical risk factors (CRFs) for GB projects. The study derived nine (9) broad taxonomies of the CRFs, including financial, material and equipment, design, technical, stakeholder, management, environmental, legal, and regulatory risks. These taxonomies parade different levels of criticalities based on mean citation scores. The five most persistent taxonomies include design, regulatory, material and equipment, financial, and technical risks. A Pareto analysis revealed sixty (60) vital CRFs for green building projects. The study developed a hierarchical structural model explaining how the various risks influence each other in GB projects. Therefore, this study not only provides a comprehensive list of CRFs, as frame of reference, for researchers and practitioners, but also can inform more efficient resource allocation and introduce novel perspectives for managerial practices in GB projects.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Civil Engineering
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering
Additional Information: Copyright © 2023, Elsevier Ltd.. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license - the version of record can be found here:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Critical risk factors,Green building,Green construction,Risks,Sustainable construction,Systematic literature review,Civil and Structural Engineering,Architecture ,Building and Construction,Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality,Mechanics of Materials
Publication ISSN: 2352-7102
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2024 08:28
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2023 09:01
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Related URLs: https://www.sci ... 2486?via%3Dihub (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Review article
Published Date: 2023-06-01
Published Online Date: 2023-02-10
Accepted Date: 2023-02-05
Authors: Wuni, Ibrahim Yahaya
Bao, Zhikang
Yevu, Sitsofe Kwame
Tetteh, Mershack Opoku (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-9226-3451)

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