Burnout and Coping Strategies in Pediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care Staff


Objective: Staff in pediatric and neonatal intensive care units (PICU and NICU) experience high rates of burnout due to the highly stressful environment. There is growing literature describing stress and burnout, but to date, no review of the evidence specific to pediatric and neonatal intensive care. For the development of interventions to reduce and prevent burnout, there needs to be a better understanding of this evidence. Little is known about coping strategies employed by critical care staff; it is important to collate and critique this literature to inform interventions. The objective of this systematic review was to examine burnout occurrence and coping strategies among staff working in PICU and NICU. Methods: A systematic search of Web of Science (WoS), Scopus, Medline, AMED, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Nice Evidence, and EMBASE was conducted following PRISMA guidelines. Results: Studies measuring burnout and/or coping in PICU and NICU were included in the review. Twenty-two studies met the inclusion criteria, the majority of which used a quantitative cross-sectional design. Of the included studies, 14 measured burnout, and 17 measured coping. Conclusion: Staff working in pediatric and neonatal intensive care settings experience high rates of burnout. While staff may have the ability to use coping strategies, often time and lack of awareness mean they don’t. Psychologically informed interventions are required to prevent burnout and to provide staff with the tools and resources to develop healthy coping strategies in order to boost their well-being.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/cpp0000474
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Psychology
College of Health & Life Sciences > Aston Institute of Health & Neurodevelopment (AIHN)
College of Health & Life Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright © 2023 The Author(s). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0; https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0). This license permits copying and redistributing the work in any medium or format, as well as adapting the material for any purpose, even commercially. Open Access funding provided by Aston University.
Uncontrolled Keywords: burnout,coping strategies,neonatal care,pediatric intensive care,systematic review,Clinical Psychology,Developmental and Educational Psychology,Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health,Applied Psychology
Publication ISSN: 0969-5893
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 07:17
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2023 08:52
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Related URLs: https://psycnet ... -65133-001.html (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2023-04-20
Published Online Date: 2023-04-20
Accepted Date: 2022-11-14
Authors: Butcher, Isabelle
Morrison, Rachael
Balogun, Omobolanle
Duncan, Heather P.
Louis, Kate St
Webb, Sarah
Shaw, Rachel (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-0438-7666)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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