Clinical pharmacists' perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of paediatric clinical pharmacy services in Hong Kong


OBJECTIVES: To identify barriers and facilitators that influenced the implementation of paediatric clinical pharmacy service (CPS) in Hong Kong's public hospitals from clinical pharmacists' perspective. METHODS: A qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews of clinical pharmacists who practiced in paediatrics in public hospitals in Hong Kong. Interview schedule was designed based on determined themes identified in previous research and pilot testing was performed. The coding process was performed by two researchers with the resulting topics organised by thematic analysis. Consensus was reached amongst the researchers for the identification of themes that emerged during the interviews. The Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research guideline was followed to ensure the complete and transparent reporting of this research. Ethical approval for this study was obtained from the research ethics committee of the relevant institutions. KEY FINDINGS: Of the 32 clinical pharmacists from across the study sites, 12 were interviewed. Five barriers and three facilitators were identified as main themes. The barriers that were identified which hindered service implementation include the service penetration into the healthcare system, practice environment constraints, lack of affirmation from the administrative stakeholders, governance of the profession and partnership with universities. The facilitators that were identified which enabled service implementation include other healthcare professionals' trust and confidence in the service, the support from the pharmacy management team and clinical pharmacists' self-efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical pharmacists interviewed reported that the successful implementation of CPS in paediatrics in public hospitals in Hong Kong is an area of continued development with several key barriers identified.

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Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > Aston Pharmacy School
College of Health & Life Sciences
College of Health & Life Sciences > Chronic and Communicable Conditions
Additional Information: Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in International Journal of Pharmacy Practice following peer review. The version of record, 'Sin, Conor Ming-Ho, Huynh, Chi and Maidment, Ian D (2022). "Clinical pharmacists' perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to the implementation of paediatric clinical pharmacy services in Hong Kong". International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 30 (5), pp. 466-471,' is available online at:
Uncontrolled Keywords: clinical pharmacy,paediatrics,pharmaceutical care,professional practice,Pharmacy,Pharmaceutical Science,Health Policy,Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Publication ISSN: 2042-7174
Last Modified: 29 May 2024 16:23
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2022 09:12
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PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2022-10
Published Online Date: 2022-07-28
Accepted Date: 2022-06-20
Authors: Sin, Conor Ming-Ho
Huynh, Chi (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-6982-6642)
Maidment, Ian D (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4152-9704)



Version: Accepted Version

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