Bromoform-assisted aqueous free radical polymerisation: a simple, inexpensive route for the preparation of block copolymers

Abstract

In the quest for commercially relevant block copolymer additives, for which overall average molecular composition is key but molar mass distribution is of little importance, we present a straightforward, sulfur- and metal-free aqueous route to block copolymers using commercially available starting materials. Based on synthetic techniques first described in the 1950s for hydrophobic monomers in organic solvents, we have shown that bromoform (CHBr3) can be used to create block copolymers. Unlike common bromine-containing chain transfer agents such as carbon tetrabromide (CBr4), bromoform is partially water-miscible and relatively inexpensive. Herein, we demonstrate this new aqueous-based technology using N,N-dimethylacrylamide (DMA) and N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) as exemplar monomers to synthesise PDMA-b-PNIPAM block copolymers of varying composition directly in water. This study demonstrates the potential for such a simple, inexpensive route to functional block copolymers where further research to decipher the detailed mechanism and true potential of this technique will be of great value.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1039/D1PY00672J
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Materials Research (AIMR)
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Funding: This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No 871650 (MEDIPOL)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioengineering,Biochemistry,Organic Chemistry,Polymers and Plastics
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Related URLs: https://pubs.rs ... 2J#!divAbstract (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-08-14
Published Online Date: 2021-07-13
Accepted Date: 2021-07-12
Authors: Hutchins, Helena
Derry, Matthew (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-5010-6725)
Ninjiaranai, Padarat
Molloy, Robert
Tighe, Brian (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9601-8501)
Topham, Paul (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4152-6976)

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License: Creative Commons Attribution

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