Repurposable hardware in smart photonic components

Abstract

Key to the development of cost effective integrated components is low cost, low power circuitry capable of being repurposed from providing manufacturing based functions, such as characterisation and calibration, to operational control functions. Although these individual functions are well known, efficient and low cost implementations are required to enable competitive module pricing. In the case of an optical Mach Zehnder Modulator (MZM), bias currents require complex control functions, for example based around digitally synthesized sinusoidal pilot tones and harmonic detection via filters [1][2]. Control methods making use of calibrated laboratory equipment have been proposed [2], whereas here we consider the practical adoption of these methods with low cost and low power components which could be readily integrated into an optical module. In particular we investigate the behaviour and capabilities required for automatic digital bias control functionality implemented in a small gate count, low cost Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) when used in conjunction with a MZM. We assess the suitability of highly efficient implementations of DSP functions within the bias controller, such as digital filters, for example investigating the use of a computationally efficient algorithm for computing a single component of a discrete Fourier transform [3], and demonstrate the viability of using low cost digital hardware to implement a circuit capable of monitoring the MZM transfer function. The concept of creating cost effective, repurposable hardware is crucial for implementation and inclusion in optical devices deployed in communications networks and beyond.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1919/1/012010
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Photonics Technology
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Electrical, Electronic & Power Engineering
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Additional Information: Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physics and Astronomy(all)
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Related URLs: https://iopscie ... 6/1919/1/012010 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Conference article
Published Date: 2021-06-04
Accepted Date: 2021-05-07
Submitted Date: 2020-09-01
Authors: Anderson, Mike
Philips, Ian
Callan, Paul
Forysiak, Wladek (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-5411-1193)

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