L1 in the primary English classroom: how much, when, how and why?:How much, when, how and why?


The use of L1 in L2 classes has long been debated in the field of TESOL. Although at least some use of the L1 is now widely advocated, questions remain about what might count as acceptable or effective use. While a number of studies have been carried out in secondary and tertiary settings to investigate these questions, research in primary school settings remains relatively rare. This article addresses the gap by investigating L1 use in primary classes in Turkey. Drawing on observational and interview data with five primary EFL teachers, we investigate how much, when, how, and why teachers use L1 in their English classrooms. The results showed that, despite some negative attitudes towards L1 use, the teachers used it to different degrees and for various purposes including giving instruction, providing feedback and asking questions. The teachers also identified a number of practical reasons for their decisions, namely, students' proficiency level, achieving target-curriculum, saving time and teaching specific language points. We conclude that L1 is an inseparable part of the L2 classroom, and each teacher has their own unique way of using it.

Divisions: ?? 53981500Jl ??
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > English Languages and Applied Linguistics
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Centre for Language Research at Aston (CLaRA)
Funding Information: We would like to thank all teachers who participated in this study for their time and commitment. We also would like to thank Ministry of National Education in Turkey for the official permission to access the schools.
Additional Information: © Urmia University Press
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bilingual teaching,L1 use,Primary english,Young learners,Education,Language and Linguistics,Linguistics and Language
Publication ISSN: 2322-1291
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2024 08:57
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2020 09:28
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://ijltr.ur ... cle_120935.html (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2020-10-01
Accepted Date: 2020-09-12
Authors: Tekin, Serdar
Garton, Sue (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-7421-0858)



Version: Published Version

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