Discrete light bullets in passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers


In this paper, we analyze the formation and dynamical properties of discrete light bullets in an array of passively mode-locked lasers coupled via evanescent fields in a ring geometry. Using a generic model based upon a system of nearest-neighbor coupled Haus master equations, we show numerically the existence of discrete light bullets for different coupling strengths. In order to reduce the complexity of the analysis, we approximate the full problem by a reduced set of discrete equations governing the dynamics of the transverse profile of the discrete light bullets. This effective theory allows us to perform a detailed bifurcation analysis via path-continuation methods. In particular, we show the existence of multistable branches of discrete localized states, corresponding to different number of active elements in the array. These branches are either independent of each other or are organized into a snaking bifurcation diagram where the width of the discrete localized states grows via a process of successive increase and decrease of the gain. Mechanisms are revealed by which the snaking branches can be created and destroyed as a second parameter, e.g., the linewidth enhancement factor or the coupling strength is varied. For increasing couplings, the existence of moving bright and dark discrete localized states is also demonstrated.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0002989
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Photonics Technology (AIPT)
Additional Information: Published under license by AIP Publishing
Publication ISSN: 1089-7682
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2024 07:16
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2020 11:45
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Related URLs: http://aip.scit ... .1063/5.0002989 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2020-06-01
Accepted Date: 2020-05-06
Authors: Seidel, Thomas G.
Perego, Auro M. (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-5211-6513)
Javaloyes, Julien
Gurevich, Svetlana V.



Version: Published Version

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