Co-pyrolysis of biomass and plastic waste over zeolite- and sodium-based catalysts for enhanced yields of hydrocarbon products


Ex-situ co-pyrolysis of sugarcane bagasse pith and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was investigated over zeolite-based catalysts using a tandem micro-reactor at an optimised temperature of 700 °C. A combination of zeolite (HZSM-5) and sodium carbonate/gamma-alumina served as effective catalysts for 18% more oxygen removal than HZSM-5 alone. The combined catalysts led to improved yields of aromatic (8.7%) and olefinic (6.9%) compounds. Carbon yields of 20.3% total aromatics, 18.3% BTXE (benzene, toluene, xylenes and ethylbenzene), 17% olefins, and 7% phenols were achieved under optimal conditions of 700 °C, a pith (biomass) to PET ratio of 4 and an HZSM-5 to sodium carbonate/gamma-alumina ratio of 5. The catalytic presence of sodium prevented coke formation, which has been a major cause of deactivation of zeolite catalysts during co-pyrolysis of biomass and plastics. This finding indicates that the catalyst combination as well as biomass/plastic mixtures used in this work can lead to both high yields of valuable aromatic chemicals and potentially, extended catalyst life time.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Energy and Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI)
Funding Information: This study was supported partially by the ENgineering and TEchnology Institute Groningen (ENTEG) and Department of Chemical Engineering (award number: 190138720 ) and Department of Biorefinery Engineering at Shahid Beheshti University, Iran (award number:
Additional Information: © 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Uncontrolled Keywords: Co-pyrolysis,Hydrocarbons,HZSM-5/NaCO/γ-AlO catalysts,Polyethylene terephthalate (PET),Sugarcane bagasse pith,Pyrolysis,Sodium,Biomass,Catalysis,Hot Temperature,Plastics,Zeolites,Waste Management and Disposal
Publication ISSN: 1879-2456
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2023 11:24
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2020 11:11
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://www.sci ... 7482?via%3Dihub (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2020-02-01
Published Online Date: 2019-12-13
Accepted Date: 2019-12-04
Authors: Ghorbannezhad, Payam
Park, Sunkyu
Onwudili, Jude A. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-5355-9970)

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