Admissibility of forensic voice comparison testimony in England and Wales

Abstract

In 2015 the Criminal Practice Directions (CPD) on admissibility of expert evidence in England and Wales were revised. They emphasised the principle that “the court must be satisfied that there is a sufficiently reliable scientific basis for the evidence to be admitted”. The present paper aims to assist courts in understanding from a scientific perspective what would be necessary to demonstrate the validity of testimony based on forensic voice comparison. We describe different technical approaches to forensic voice comparison that have been used in the UK, and critically review the case law on their admissibility. We conclude that courts have been inconsistent in their reasoning. In line with the CPD, we recommend that courts enquire as to whether forensic practitioners have made use of data and analytical methods that are appropriate and adequate for the case under consideration, and that courts require forensic practitioners to empirically demonstrate the level of performance of their forensic voice comparison system under conditions reflecting those of the case under consideration.

Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Informatics and Digital Engineering > Computer Science
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Institute for Forensic Linguistics
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College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > English Languages and Applied Linguistics
Additional Information: This material was first published by Thomson Reuters (Professional) UK Limited in Criminal Law Review and is reproduced by agreement with the Publishers.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Admissibility,Expert evidence,Voice recognition,Criminal evidence
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.swee ... px?recordid=478 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2018-01-01
Accepted Date: 2017-11-07
Authors: Morrison, Geoffrey Stewart (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-8608-8207)

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