Syndromes of self-reported psychopathology for ages 18-59 in 29 societies


This study tested the multi-society generalizability of an eight-syndrome assessment model derived from factor analyses of American adults' self-ratings of 120 behavioral, emotional, and social problems. The Adult Self-Report (ASR; Achenbach and Rescorla 2003) was completed by 17,152 18-59-year-olds in 29 societies. Confirmatory factor analyses tested the fit of self-ratings in each sample to the eight-syndrome model. The primary model fit index (Root Mean Square Error of Approximation) showed good model fit for all samples, while secondary indices showed acceptable to good fit. Only 5 (0.06%) of the 8,598 estimated parameters were outside the admissible parameter space. Confidence intervals indicated that sampling fluctuations could account for the deviant parameters. Results thus supported the tested model in societies differing widely in social, political, and economic systems, languages, ethnicities, religions, and geographical regions. Although other items, societies, and analytic methods might yield different results, the findings indicate that adults in very diverse societies were willing and able to rate themselves on the same standardized set of 120 problem items. Moreover, their self-ratings fit an eight-syndrome model previously derived from self-ratings by American adults. The support for the statistically derived syndrome model is consistent with previous findings for parent, teacher, and self-ratings of 11/2-18-year-olds in many societies. The ASR and its parallel collateral-report instrument, the Adult Behavior Checklist (ABCL), may offer mental health professionals practical tools for the multi-informant assessment of clinical constructs of adult psychopathology that appear to be meaningful across diverse societies.

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Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Psychology
College of Health & Life Sciences > Clinical and Systems Neuroscience
College of Health & Life Sciences > Aston Institute of Health & Neurodevelopment (AIHN)
College of Health & Life Sciences
College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Optometry > Vision, Hearing and Language
Additional Information: The final publication is available at Springer via
Uncontrolled Keywords: adult self-report,cross-cultural,international,psychopathology,syndromes,Clinical Psychology
Publication ISSN: 1573-3505
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2024 07:14
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2015 12:45
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2015-06
Published Online Date: 2014-08-08
Authors: Ivanova, Masha Y.
Achenbach, Thomas M.
Rescorla, Leslie A.
Turner, Lori V.
Ahmeti-Pronaj, Adelina
Au, Alma
Avila Maese, Carmen
Bellina, Monica
Caldas, J. Carlos
Chen, Yi-Chuen
Csemy, Ladislav
da Rocha, Marina M.
Decoster, Jeroen
Dobrean, Anca
Ezpeleta, Lourdes
Fontaine, Johnny R.J.
Funabiki, Yasuko
Guðmundsson, Halldór S.
Harder, Valerie S.
Leiner de la Cabada, Marie
Leung, Patrick
Liu, Jianghong
Mahr, Safia
Malykh, Sergey
Srdanovic Maras, Jelena
Markovic, Jasminka
Ndetei, David M.
Oh, Kyung Ja
Petot, Jean-Michel
Riad, Geylan
Sakarya, Direnc
Samaniego, Virginia C.
Sebre, Sandra
Shahini, Mimoza
Silvares, Edwiges
Simulioniene, Roma
Sokoli, Elvisa
Talcott, Joel B. (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-7958-8369)
Vázquez, Natalia
Zasępa, Ewa



Version: Accepted Version

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