BCLA CLEAR Presbyopia:Epidemiology and impact


The global all-ages prevalence of epidemiologically-measured 'functional' presbyopia was estimated at 24.9% in 2015, affecting 1.8 billion people. This prevalence was projected to stabilise at 24.1% in 2030 due to increasing myopia, but to affect more people (2.1 billion) due to population dynamics. Factors affecting the prevalence of presbyopia include age, geographic location, urban versus rural location, sex, and, to a lesser extent, socioeconomic status, literacy and education, health literacy and inequality. Risk factors for early onset of presbyopia included environmental factors, nutrition, near demands, refractive error, accommodative dysfunction, medications, certain health conditions and sleep. Presbyopia was found to impact on quality-of-life, in particular quality of vision, labour force participation, work productivity and financial burden, mental health, social wellbeing and physical health. Current understanding makes it clear that presbyopia is a very common age-related condition that has significant impacts on both patient-reported outcome measures and economics. However, there are complexities in defining presbyopia for epidemiological and impact studies. Standardisation of definitions will assist future synthesis, pattern analysis and sense-making between studies.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clae.2024.102157
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Optometry > Optometry & Vision Science Research Group (OVSRG)
College of Health & Life Sciences
College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Optometry > Optometry
Funding Information: BCLA CLEAR™ Presbyopia was facilitated by the BCLA, with financial support by way of educational grants for collaboration, publication and dissemination provided by Alcon, Bausch + Lomb, CooperVision, EssilorLuxottica, and Johnson & Johnson Vision.
Additional Information: Copyright © 2024. The Authors on behalf of British Contact Lens Association. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Age,Impact of presbyopia,Patient-reported outcome measures,Presbyopia prevalence,Quality of life,Questionnaire,Risk factors,Urban,Ophthalmology,Optometry
Publication ISSN: 1476-5411
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2024 07:13
Date Deposited: 15 Apr 2024 13:13
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.con ... 0049-3/fulltext (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2024-04-08
Published Online Date: 2024-04-08
Accepted Date: 2024-04-01
Authors: Markoulli, Maria
Fricke, Timothy R
Arvind, Anitha
Frick, Kevin D
Hart, Kerryn M
Joshi, Mahesh R
Kandel, Himal
Filipe Macedo, Antonio
Makrynioti, Dimitra
Retallic, Neil
Garcia-Porta, Nery
Shrestha, Gauri
Wolffsohn, James S (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4673-8927)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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