A Registered Report Survey of Open Research Practices in Psychology Departments in the UK and Ireland

Abstract

Open research practices seek to enhance the transparency and reproducibility of research. While there is evidence of increased uptake in these practices, such as study preregistration and open data, facilitated by new infrastructure and policies, little research has assessed general uptake of such practices across psychology university researchers. The current study estimates psychologists' level of engagement in open research practices across universities in the United Kingdom and Ireland, while also assessing possible explanatory factors that may impact their engagement. Data were collected from 602 psychology researchers in the United Kingdom and Ireland on the extent to which they have implemented various practices (e.g., use of preprints, preregistration, open data, open materials). Here we present the summarized descriptive results, as well as considering differences between various categories of researcher (e.g., career stage, subdiscipline, methodology), and examining the relationship between researcher's practices and their self-reported capability, opportunity, and motivation (COM-B) to engage in open research practices. Results show that while there is considerable variability in engagement of open research practices, differences across career stage and subdiscipline of psychology are small by comparison. We observed consistent differences according to respondent's research methodology and based on the presence of institutional support for open research. COM-B dimensions were collectively significant predictors of engagement in open research, with automatic motivation emerging as a consistently strong predictor. We discuss these findings, outline some of the challenges experienced in this study, and offer suggestions and recommendations for future research. Estimating the prevalence of responsible research practices is important to assess sustained behaviour change in research reform, tailor educational training initiatives, and to understand potential factors that might impact engagement.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12700
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences
College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Psychology
Additional Information: Copyright © 2024 The Authors. British Journal of Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The British Psychological Society. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: open research,open science,metaresearch,responsible research practices,researcher engagement,open research practices,replication crisis,credibility revolution,SDG 4 - Quality Education,SDG 9 - Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure
Publication ISSN: 2044-8295
Data Access Statement: Analyses were conducted in JASP (Version 0.18, Wagenmakers et al., 2018), and all scripts and output files are publicly available on the project's OSF page (https://osf. io/xjby2/). Raw, anonymized data are available, with specific institutional information withheld to protect the identity of respondents and institutions.
Last Modified: 20 May 2024 17:49
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2024 09:35
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://osf. io/xjby2/ (Related URL)
https://bpspsyc ... 1111/bjop.12700 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: ["eprint_fieldname_pure_output_type_contributiontojournal/registered_report" not defined]
Published Date: 2024-03-22
Published Online Date: 2024-03-22
Accepted Date: 2024-03-06
Authors: Silverstein, Priya
Pennington, Charlotte Rebecca (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-5259-642X)
Branney, Peter
O'Connor, Daryl B.
Lawlor, Emma
O'Brien, Emer
Lynott, Dermot

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