Visible Light-Driven Organic Pollutant Removal Using Fe-Based Photocatalysts Supported by Wheat Straw Biochar


Researchers are actively pursuing the development of highly functional photocatalyst materials using environmentally friendly and sustainable resources. In this study, wheat straw biochar (BC), a by-product of biomass pyrolysis, was explored as a green, porous substrate and a carbon-based sensitizer to activate Fe-based photocatalysts under visible light. The research also delved into the impact of doping copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), and zinc (Zn) to enhance the photocatalytic activity of BC-Fe-based catalysts for the removal of methylene orange (MO) from water. Characterization results revealed a more than twofold increase in surface area and greater porosity, contributing to improved radical generation. BC demonstrated its dual functionality as a high surface area substrate and an electron sink, facilitating multistep electron movement and enhancing the photoactivity of the composite catalyst. Photodegradation experiments indicated that the combination of BC with Fe and Zn exhibited the highest performance, removing over 80% of MO within 120 min. Parametric studies highlighted the preference for an alkali pH, and the photocatalyst demonstrated efficient performance up to 30 ppm of dye. Radical scavenging experiments identified •OH and h+ as the most generated radicals. This study establishes that the green and sustainable BC holds promise as a material in the quest for more sustainable photocatalysts.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Materials Research (AIMR)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Energy and Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI)
Funding Information: The authors would like to acknowledge the support by the European Union (Open Innovation Test Bed for nano-enabled Membranes-862330) and State Key Laboratory of MaterialOriented Chemical Engineering (KL18-10)
Additional Information: Copyright: © 2024 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fe-based photocatalyst,biochar,metal doping,methylene orange,visible light photocatalysis,Environmental Science(all),Catalysis,Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Publication ISSN: 2073-4344
Last Modified: 14 May 2024 07:30
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2024 10:38
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.mdp ... 73-4344/14/1/43 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2024-01-08
Accepted Date: 2024-01-05
Authors: Subramaniam, Mahesan Naidu
Zheng, Jiaojiao
Wu, Zhentao (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-4934-8046)
Goh, Pei Sean
Zhang, Guangru



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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