Dissipative soliton breathing dynamics driven by desynchronization of orthogonal polarization states


Breathing solitons, i.e., dynamic dissipative solitons with oscillating pulse shape and energy caused by different mechanisms of spatiotemporal instabilities, have received considerable interest from the aspects of nonlinear science and potential applications. However, by far, the study of breathing solitons is still limited within the time scale of hundreds of cavity round trips, which ignores the slow dynamics. To fill this lacuna, we theoretically investigate a new type of vector dissipative soliton breathing regime and experimentally demonstrate this concept using mode-locked fiber lasers, which arise from the desynchronization of orthogonal states of polarization (SOPs) in the form of complex oscillations of the phase difference between the states. The dynamic evolution of polarization states of the vector breathings solitons takes the form of a trajectory connecting two quasi-equilibrium orthogonal SOPs on the surface of the Poincaré sphere. The dwelling time near each state is on the scale of a tenth of a thousand cavity round trip times that equals the breathing period, which is up to 2 orders of magnitude longer than that for common breathers. The obtained results can reveal concepts in nonlinear science and may unlock approaches to the flexible manipulation of laser waveforms toward various applications in spectroscopy and metrology.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1117/1.apn.2.6.066007
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Photonics Technology (AIPT)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Computer Science and Digital Technologies
Funding Information: The authors acknowledge the following funding support: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61975107, 62075071, and 61605107), the ‘111’ Project (Grant No. D20031), UK EPSRC (Grant No. EP/W002868/ 1), Leverhulme Trust (Grant No. HA
Additional Information: © The Authors. Published by SPIE and CLP under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Distribution or reproduction of this work in whole or in part requires full attribution of the original publication, including its DOI.
Publication ISSN: 2791-1519
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2024 08:42
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2023 09:59
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Related URLs: https://www.spi ... 6007.full?SSO=1 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2023-11-23
Accepted Date: 2023-10-18
Authors: Huang, Zhiwei
Sergyev, Sergey (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-1515-5019)
Wang, Qing
Kbashi, Hani (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-6343-248X)
Stoliarov, Dmitrii (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-8635-2346)
Huang, Qianqian
Dai, Yuze
Yan, Zhijun
Mou, Chengbo



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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