Low Acoustic Frequency Sensing Based on Ghost Mode of Small Angle Tilted Fiber Bragg Grating


In this paper, we firstly propose a low acoustic frequency sensing system based on small-angle tilted fiber Bragg grating(TFBG) which is used in the sensor head to achieve a high sensitivity. The sensitivity of the proposed diaphragm based acoustic sensing system is theoretically and experimentally proved closely related to the coupling methods and efficiency of ghost mode. In the experiment, the sensing TFBG is tightly bounded on the designed low-frequency polyethylene terephthalate (PET) transducer membrane with a fixed boundary and its ghost mode will have a large wavelength drift and change of amplitude in response to the periodic elastic deformation of the transducer membrane under acoustic pressure. With using the edge filtering demodulation method, the low-frequency acoustic can be effectively and sensitively measured. The theoretical analysis and experimental results indicate that the wavelength and intensity respond linearly to the acoustic pressure. The proposed system can achieve a maximal sensitivity of about 509 mV/Pa in the frequency range of 40 Hz ∼ 85 Hz, a minimum detectable pressure(MDP) of 93 μ Pa/Hz 1/2 @55 Hz and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 59 dB. The sensor also demonstrates a flat frequency response within 85 Hz ∼ 1500 Hz. The sensor operates stably with a peak fluctuation of about ±1 mV over 1 h, and about 1.8% for the percentage standard deviation. The proposed acoustic sensor has advantages of high sensitivity at low frequency, high stability and high SNR, simple fabrication, and excellent repeatability.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/jlt.2023.3337127
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Photonics Technology (AIPT)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Funding Information: National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (Grant Number: 61801134 and 61835003)
Additional Information: Copyright © 2023 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acoustics,Deformation,Optical fiber couplers,Optical fiber sensing,Optical fiber sensors,Sensitivity,Strain,Transducers,acoustic sensing,membrane,tilted fiber bragg grating,Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
Publication ISSN: 0733-8724
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2024 17:26
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2023 09:52
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://ieeexpl ... cument/10329419 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2023-11-28
Published Online Date: 2023-11-28
Accepted Date: 2023-11-01
Authors: Tian, Jing
Zuo, Yi-Wu
Zhou, Kai-Ming (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-6011-1912)
Yang, Qing
Hu, Xiao
Jiang, Yang



Version: Accepted Version

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