Identifying an avid eating profile in childhood:Associations with temperament, feeding practices and food insecurity

Abstract

This study aimed to identify distinct eating behaviour profiles in young children and examine how other key predictors of children's eating behaviour, including child temperament, the experience of food insecurity, or parental feeding practices, may vary by identified profiles. An online survey was conducted with 995 parents/carers living in England and Wales (N = 995, Mage = 35.4 years, 80% female, 88% White). Participants reported on their child's eating behaviour using the Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and completed measures of child temperament, household food security and parental feeding practices. Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) was carried out to identify distinct eating profiles amongst the children (36–72 months, Mage = 48.8 months, 52% female). Four eating profiles emerged from the sample of children: (a) avid eating, (b) avoidant eating, (c) happy eating, and (d) typical eating. Avid eating (21.9% of children) was characterised by higher levels of food responsiveness, enjoyment of food, and emotional over-eating in combination with lower satiety responsiveness, slowness in eating and food fussiness. Children with an avid eating profile were reported to be more surgent and experienced greater food insecurity than all other eating profiles. Parents of children belonging to the avid eating profile showed significantly greater use of food for emotional regulation, varied and balanced food provision, restriction of food for health, and restriction of food for weight feeding practices than the three other eating profiles.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2023.107050
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Psychology
College of Health & Life Sciences > Aston Institute of Health & Neurodevelopment (AIHN)
College of Health & Life Sciences
Funding Information: This work was funded by an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) research grant ( ES/V014153/1 ).
Additional Information: Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY [https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/], which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Avid eating,Childhood temperament,Food approach,Parental feeding practices,Psychology(all),Nutrition and Dietetics
Publication ISSN: 1095-8304
Last Modified: 23 May 2024 07:29
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2023 12:12
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.sci ... 195666323025126 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2023-12-01
Published Online Date: 2023-10-04
Accepted Date: 2023-09-19
Authors: Pickard, Abigail (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-1708-500X)
Croker, Helen
Edwards, Katie (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-1076-8382)
Farrow, Claire (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-3745-6610)
Haycraft, Emma
Herle, Moritz
Kininmonth, Alice R.
Llewellyn, Clare
Blissett, Jacqueline (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-0275-6413)

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