A tale of two distrusts: Memory distrust towards commission and omission errors in the Chinese context


People differ in their skepticism toward their own memories, which is called memory distrust and is measured by the Squire Subjective Memory Questionnaire (SSMQ) and the Memory Distrust Scale (MDS). In Study 1 (N = 458), we translated the MDS into Chinese and found that MDS scores were correlated with self-reported memory errors, compliance, and life habits impacting source monitoring, and had acceptable test-retest reliability after four weeks. In Study 2, participants (N = 383) completed a recognition task and received false feedback, then they completed the recognition task again, and completed the MDS and SSMQ three days later. High (versus low) memory distrust people were more likely to accept the false feedback and change their memory afterward. The present research confirms the validity of the Chinese MDS, advancing the theoretical understanding of the interplay between meta-memorial beliefs and social influence on memory reconstruction.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/mac0000134
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Psychology
Additional Information: Copyright © 2023, American Psychological Association. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. The final article is available, upon publication, at: https://doi.org/10.1037/mac0000134
Uncontrolled Keywords: memory distrust,memory errors,compliance
Publication ISSN: 2211-3681
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2024 07:30
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2023 15:00
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://psycnet ... /2024-07468-001 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2023-09-11
Published Online Date: 2023-09-11
Accepted Date: 2023-07-31
Authors: Zhang, Yikang
Qi, Fangzhu
Otgaar, Henry
Nash, Robert A. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-2284-2001)
Jelicic, Marko



Version: Accepted Version

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