A viscosity study of charcoal-based nanofluids towards enhanced oil recovery


Research into nanofluids for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) has been carried out for more than a decade. Metal oxide nanoparticles dispersed in water are usually applied and the nanofluids can recover 8–16 % more of the original oil in place after or comparing to water flooding, while the oil recovery capacity of carbon tube nanofluids can be even better. Higher viscosities of nanofluids than that of water are one of the key properties that contribute to their good performance in EOR. This work, for the first time, prepared nanofluids from two charcoal samples as well as an active carbon sample for their possible application for EOR. The relationship of nanofluid viscosities with pH values as well as nanoparticle concentrations of the nanofluids was studied for their viscous behaviour in different shear conditions. Their representative viscosity data measured at 100 rpm were examined for the values of the so-called Dispersion Factor (DF). The determined DF values for the charcoal-based nanofluids are close to those of metal oxide nanofluids that have much smaller nanoparticle sizes. The highly porous active carbon nanofluid showed strong viscosity enhancement that is comparable to the values reported for nanofluids of carbon nanotubes. Due to their significant viscosity enhancement and carbon sequestration feature, the charcoal-based nanofluids are promising to be used for EOR.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2023.122615
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Energy and Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Advanced Materials
Funding Information: The authors would like to thank Aston University for the start funding provided to Dr Qingchun Yuan, thank Dr Jakub Sacharczuk for recording the ESEM images.
Additional Information: Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Charcoal nanoparticles,Charcoal-based nanofluids,Enhanced oil recovery,Viscosity enhancement,Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials,Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics,Condensed Matter Physics,Spectroscopy,Physical and Theoretical Chemistry,Materials Chemistry
Publication ISSN: 1873-3166
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2024 08:23
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2023 16:28
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.sci ... 167732223014198 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2023-10-01
Published Online Date: 2023-07-17
Accepted Date: 2023-07-17
Authors: Akande, Ifeoluwa
Bridgwater, Tony (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-7362-6205)
van Koningsbruggen, Petra J. (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9366-1913)
Yuan, Qingchun (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-5982-3819)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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