Cocoa production, farmlands, and the galamsey: Examining current and emerging trends in the ASM-agriculture nexus


In this paper, we build on the diverse discussions on the nexus between artisanal and small-scale mining and agriculture to examine emerging relationships between mining operators, smallholder cocoa farmers, and landowners in rural cocoa-growing communities. Empirically, we draw on fresh insights from in-depth interviews with loosely coupled chain actors in Ghana's cocoa and mining sectors, we found what we call ‘coerced to sell’ strategies deployed by miners in the acquisition of farmlands for their operations. We go further to shed light on the employment trajectories of the new breed of landless farmers, and the emerging diversification strategies of landowners. Implications of our findings for the policy and practice of ASM and farmlands are outlined.

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Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Marketing & Strategy
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
Additional Information: Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Publication ISSN: 1873-1392
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2024 07:25
Date Deposited: 08 Jun 2023 15:03
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Related URLs: https://www.sci ... 743016723001109 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2023-07
Published Online Date: 2023-06-06
Accepted Date: 2023-05-27
Authors: Siaw, Daniel
Sarpong, David (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-1533-4332)
Ofosu, George



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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