The effect on cost when utilising modular construction techniques-The impact of weather on labour productivity


The Main running ain of this paper is to explore the impact weather will have on labour productivity costs associated with construction activities that would be replaced by using modular production techniques. Weather is a cost variable that is often ignored during pricing of construction projects and is rarely recorded as a cost impact, and yet the impact can be considerable if not planned appropriately. Modular construction is a form of off-site construction that creates a three-dimensional section if a building in a factory and transports it to site, the quantity of the build that is replaced with the modules can vary and so assumptions have been made on the elements of traditional construction that have been replaced. The weather impact has been based on UK weather data and the focus has been on those that will affect labour productivity in particular, such as high temperatures, low temperatures, precipitation, and wind. The paper has analysed the impact start date and length of project will have on particular weather types occurring during a project and applying those to assumed productivity reduction that comes from those weather types.

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Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Engineering Systems and Supply Chain Management
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Civil Engineering
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright Ⓒ 2023 International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms ofthe Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: weather modular construction cost productivity
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2024 07:24
Date Deposited: 12 May 2023 16:02
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Related URLs: https://www.sbt ... /M9R2/#Abstract (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2023-03-31
Accepted Date: 2023-03-28
Authors: Roberts, D.
Park, K.
Ankrah, N. (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9221-0096)
Kim, K.P.


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