Technology, innovation and SMEs' export intensity: Evidence from Morocco


This study seeks to understand the scarcely examined relationships between SMEs' foreign technology licensing, R&D expenditure, innovation and export intensity. Espousing an integrated open innovation and self-selection paradigm, observations of 446 Moroccan SMEs are analysed through structural equation modelling. The definitive path analysis showed that foreign technology licensing and R&D expenditure distinctively affect innovation and, in turn, innovation increases export intensity. In further insights, to illustrate how the distribution of these inputs enhances internationalisation, a probabilistic analysis shows that foreign technology licensing, R&D expenditure and innovation will incrementally stimulate export intensity by >71 %. The permutations of these variables in the fresh setting of Morocco summon scholars' empirical attention at the same time as policymakers' consideration.

Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Economics, Finance & Entrepreneurship
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Additional Information: Copyright © 2023, Elsevier Inc. This accepted manuscript version is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Publication ISSN: 1873-5509
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2023 13:32
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2023 15:34
Full Text Link: 10.1016/j.techfore.2023.122475
Related URLs: https://reader. ... 040162523001609 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2023-06-01
Published Online Date: 2023-03-17
Accepted Date: 2023-01-07
Authors: Haddoud, Mohamed Yacine
Onjewu, Adah-Kole
Kock, Ned
Jafari-Sadeghi, Vahid
Jones, Paul



Version: Accepted Version

Access Restriction: Restricted to Repository staff only until 17 September 2024.

License: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives

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