Graphene Nanocomposite Membranes: Fabrication and Water Treatment Applications

Abstract

Graphene, a two-dimensional hexagonal honeycomb carbon structure, is widely used in membrane technologies thanks to its unique optical, electrical, mechanical, thermal, chemical and photoelectric properties. The light weight, mechanical strength, anti-bacterial effect, and pollution-adsorption properties of graphene membranes are valuable in water treatment studies. Incorporation of nanoparticles like carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and metal oxide into the graphene filtering nanocomposite membrane structure can provide an improved photocatalysis process in a water treatment system. With the rapid development of graphene nanocomposites and graphene nanocomposite membrane-based acoustically supported filtering systems, including CNTs and visible-light active metal oxide photocatalyst, it is necessary to develop the researches of sustainable and environmentally friendly applications that can lead to new and groundbreaking water treatment systems. In this review, characteristic properties of graphene and graphene nanocomposites are examined, various methods for the synthesis and dispersion processes of graphene, CNTs, metal oxide and polymer nanocomposites and membrane fabrication and characterization techniques are discussed in details with using literature reports and our laboratory experimental results. Recent membrane developments in water treatment applications and graphene-based membranes are reviewed, and the current challenges and future prospects of membrane technology are discussed.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/membranes13020145
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Photonics Technology (AIPT)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Computer Science and Digital Technologies > Electronics & Computer Engineering
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Computer Science and Digital Technologies
Funding Information: This project was supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant number 713694. The authors (Raghavan Chinnambedu Murugesan and Aleksey G. Rozhin) acknowledge the support of the Marie S
Additional Information: Copyright © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: graphene nanocomposite membrane filter,carbon nanotubes,photocatalytic membrane,hybrid function membrane,membrane fabrication,water treatment
Publication ISSN: 2077-0375
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2024 08:23
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2023 16:20
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.mdp ... 7-0375/13/2/145 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Review article
Published Date: 2023-02
Published Online Date: 2023-01-22
Accepted Date: 2023-01-18
Authors: Memisoglu, Gorkem
Murugesan, Raghavan Chinnambedu (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-3521-4255)
Zubia, Joseba
Rozhin, Aleksey G. (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-2271-8227)

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