Numerical investigations on the performance and emissions of a turbocharged engine using an ethanol-gasoline blend

Abstract

Due to a scarcity of fossil fuel supplies and concerns about pollution, the use of ethanol in gasoline has become a priority in the automobile industry. This paper aims to investigate the effect of different ethanol-gasoline fuel blend ratios, namely E20 (% ethanol + % gasoline), E50 (% ethanol + % gasoline), and E75 (75% ethanol + 25% gasoline) on a 1.6 L turbocharged, 4-cylinder, 2017 Proton Preve Premium CFE CVT engine, where E0 (pure gasoline) is taken as reference fuel. In addition, different speed intervals, which include 1000 RPM, 2000 RPM, and 5000 RPM, are employed for each fuel blend. The production of four major emissions, NOx, CO, CO2, and HC, and performance parameters such as thermal efficiency, volumetric efficiency, and brake-specific fuel consumption, are evaluated using SolidWorks for CAD modelling. This then is transferred to ANSYS for emission and performance analysis. According to the findings, increasing ethanol concentration and engine speed increases volumetric efficiency and brake-specific fuel consumption by up to 12.89% and 6.59%, respectively. It was also discovered that ethanol and increasing engine speed had an 11.39% reduction in thermal efficiency. Furthermore, the addition of ethanol occurs, along with an increase in speed, exhaust gas emissions are reduced by up to 21.74% compared to pure gasoline.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2022.102366
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Operations & Information Management
Funding Information: This research was financially supported by Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia through BOLD refresh publication fund (J510050002-BOLDRefresh2025-Centre of Excellence).
Additional Information: Funding Information: This research was financially supported by Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Malaysia through BOLD refresh publication fund (J510050002-BOLDRefresh2025-Centre of Excellence). Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s).
Uncontrolled Keywords: ANSYS,Efficiency,Emissions,Ethanol,Gasoline,SolidWorks,Engineering (miscellaneous),Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Publication ISSN: 2214-157X
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2023 12:19
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2023 18:03
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://www.sci ... 214157X22006049 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2022-09-06
Published Online Date: 2022-08-24
Accepted Date: 2022-08-07
Authors: Ismail, Firas Basim
Al-Bazi, Ammar (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-5057-4171)
Aboubakr, Islam Gamal

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