Capability, Opportunity, and Motivation—Identifying Constructs for Increasing Physical Activity Behaviours in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Abstract

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the commonest endocrinopathy in reproductive-aged women. Because increased adiposity is pivotal in the severity of PCOS-related symptoms, treatment usually incorporates increasing energy expenditure through physical activity (PA). This study aimed to understand the reasons why women with PCOS engage in PA/exercise, which could support the development of targeted behavioural interventions in this at-risk population. Validated questionnaires were administered for self-reported PA levels, quality of life, mental health, illness perception, sleep quality, and capability, opportunity, and motivation (COM) for PA. Using categorical PA data, outcomes were compared between groups; ordinal logistic regression (OLR) was used to identify whether COM could explain PA categorisation. A total of 333 participants were eligible; favourable differences were reported for body mass index, depression, mental wellbeing, self-rated health, illness perception, and insomnia severity for those reporting the highest PA levels. COM scores increased according to PA categorisation, whilst OLR identified conscious and automatic motivation as explaining the largest PA variance. The most active participants reported favourable data for most outcomes. However, determining whether health is protected by higher PA or ill health is a barrier to PA was not possible. These findings suggest that future behavioural interventions should be targeted at increasing patient motivation.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph20032309
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > Aston Medical School
Additional Information: Copyright © 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). Funding Information: This research was partly funded by the General Charities of the City of Coventry (6/2020) and ResMed (6/2020).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Article,exercise,quality of life,behaviour change,health promotion,intervention design
Publication ISSN: 1660-4601
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2024 08:28
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2023 14:31
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.mdp ... -4601/20/3/2309 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2023-02
Published Online Date: 2023-01-28
Accepted Date: 2023-01-26
Submitted Date: 2022-12-05
Authors: Kite, Chris
Atkinson, Lou
McGregor, Gordon
Clark, Cain C. T.
Randeva, Harpal S.
Kyrou, Ioannis (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-6997-3439)

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