Production of upgraded fuel blend from fast pyrolysis bio-oil and organic solvent using a novel three-stage catalytic process and its combustion characteristics in a diesel engine


An interdisciplinary approach involving the production and engine testing of a fuel blend containing upgraded bio-oil and fossil-derived solvent has been investigated in this present study. First, a novel 3-stage process of solvent-assisted catalytic upgrading of fast pyrolysis bio-oil was used to obtain a fuel blend with nearly 18 vol% biofuel content. Upgrading reactions were carried out between 160 °C and 300 °C, with 10 bar hydrogen gas, using 5 wt% Pt/Al203 catalyst for each of the three stages, with the main conversion reactions occurring in the first stage. The upgrading process produced 21.8 wt% of hydrocarbon-rich biofuel on bio-oil basis, achieving a high degree of deoxygenation with only 0.19 wt% oxygen in the final product. This was followed by the study of its combustion and emission characteristics in a 3-cylinder diesel engine, using a 10 vol% biofuel content in kerosene. All relevant testing regimes for liquid fuels were carried out, with its combustion and emission characteristics showing superior or similar results to those of conventions kerosene and diesel. The tested biofuel blend showed 2 % increments in engine performance. Overall, this work represents a significant advancement in the production of green liquid hydrocarbon-rich fuels for transport and domestic uses.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Engineering and Technology > Mechanical, Biomedical & Design
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Funding Information: The authors would like to thank the Energy & Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI) and Aston University, UK for all support received. This work was supported by Innovate UK Energy Catalyst Round 7 Early Stage (Grant No 38286).
Additional Information: Copyright © 2022, The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license ( Funding: This work was supported by Innovate UK Energy Catalyst Round 7 Early Stage (Grant No 38286).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Catalytic bio-oil upgrading,Hydrocarbon biofuel,Hydrogen,Combustion,Emission,Fuel blend
Publication ISSN: 1873-7153
Last Modified: 23 May 2024 07:18
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2023 18:52
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2023-03-01
Published Online Date: 2022-12-13
Accepted Date: 2022-11-28
Authors: Onwudili, Jude A. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-5355-9970)
Sharma, Vikas (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-0603-8208)
Scaldaferri, Cristiane A.
Hossain, Abul K. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-8713-8058)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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