Multilevel relational influences on HRM practices: a cross-country comparative reflective review of HRM practices in Asia


In this paper, we respond to the calls for context-specific scholarship and research on human resource management (HRM) in Asia. We provide an overview of and key insights into HRM in five Asian countries, representing five key regions: China (East Asia), India (South Asia), Kazakhstan (Central Asia), United Arab Emirates (West Asia), and Vietnam (Southeast Asia). Based on our comprehensive, pan-Asian review, we develop a reflective, comparative, and relational understanding of HRM practices. In doing so, we group the myriad contextual influences on the shaping of HRM practices at three broad levels: macro-, meso-, and microlevel influences. Specifically, we propose that influences from regionalization of economies, national business systems, industry, multinational enterprises, and individual-level predispositions collectively shape and variously influence the nature and extent of HRM practices. By considering the findings of prior research on convergence and divergence, we offer a nuanced perspective wherein each country and region in Asia possesses a distinct amalgam of national business systems, and where HRM practices respond to multilevel influences in varied ways.

Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Work & Organisational Psychology
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College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
Additional Information: Copyright © 2022, The Author(s). This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit Funding: Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.
Publication ISSN: 1476-9328
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2023 13:26
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2022 08:36
Full Text Link: 10.1057/s41291-022-00208-z
Related URLs: https://link.sp ... 291-022-00208-z (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Review article
Published Date: 2022-11
Published Online Date: 2022-10-21
Accepted Date: 2022-10-11
Authors: Malik, Ashish
Pereira, Vijay
Budhwar, Pawan
Froese, Fabian Jintae
Minbaeva, Dana
Sun, James
Nguyen, Anh Tuan
Xue, Shanzi



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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