Assessing the prospects of transboundary multihazard dynamics:The case of Bhotekoshi—Sunkoshi watershed in Sino—Nepal border region


The impacts of multihazards have become more pronounced over the past few decades globally. Multiple hazards and their cascading impacts claim enormous losses of lives, livelihoods, and built environment. This paradigm prompts integrated and multidisciplinary perspectives to identify, characterize, and assess the occurrence of multihazards and subsequently design counter-measures considering impending multihazard scenarios at the local level. To this end, we considered one of the most egregious transboundary watersheds, which is regarded as a multihazard hotspot of Nepal, to analyze the underlying causes and cascade scenarios of multihazards, and their associated impacts. In this paper, geophysical, hydrometeorological, and socioeconomic perspectives are formulated to characterize the watershed from the dimension of susceptibility to multihaz-ard occurrence. To characterize the complex dynamics of transboundary multihazard occurrence, insights have been presented from both the Nepali and the Chinese sides. Individual case studies and the interrelation matrix between various natural hazards are also presented so as to depict mul-tihazard consequences in the transboundary region. The sum of the observations highlights that the watershed is highly vulnerable to a single as well as multiple natural hazards that often switch to disasters.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Centre for Health and Society
Funding Information: The authors gratefully acknowledge generous philanthropic support from the Office of the Vice President of the Rabdan Academy, The United Arab Emirates (UAE), Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), International Water Management Institute (IWMI),
Additional Information: Copyright © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bhotekoshi—Sunkoshi watershed,Geophysical hazard,Hydrometeorological hazard,Multihazard,Socioeconomy,Geography, Planning and Development,Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment,Environmental Science (miscellaneous),Energy Engineering and Power Technology,Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Publication ISSN: 2071-1050
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2024 07:40
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2022 18:30
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Related URLs: https://www.mdp ... -1050/13/7/3670 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-04-01
Published Online Date: 2021-03-25
Accepted Date: 2021-03-17
Authors: Lamichhane, Suraj
Aryal, Komal Raj (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9980-4516)
Talchabhadel, Rocky
Thapa, Bhesh Raj
Adhikari, Rabindra
Khanal, Anoj
Pandey, Vishnu Prasad
Gautam, Dipendra



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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