A composite inherent resilience index for Zimbabwe:An adaptation of the disaster resilience of place model

Abstract

Building resilience to disasters has become a strategic goal of many risk reduction programs across the globe. This is because resilience ensures that communities develop capacities which prevent or minimise loses to disasters. In view of this, there is need to develop a baseline that tracks changes in resilience through time. This study responded to this gap in Zimbabwe by developing composite resilience indices (CRI) using 26 variables that reflected 5 subdomains of resilience: community capital, economic, infrastructure, social and health. The CRI were then used to map the spatial variation of resilience across 91 districts. The results show that the majority of the districts with below moderate resilience are mainly rural and marginalised, while the most resilient districts emerged in urban areas where service provision and infrastructure are better developed. These findings were further subjected to factor analyses which deconstructed the overall CRI and identified six latent factors behind resilience: infrastructure, health, household head, and income, access to maize and fortified food. These factors were mapped in a GIS environment to show their geographic variation in the country. Furthermore, Moran's Index and the Getis Ord Gi* statistical tests were applied to determine clusters of resilience across space. Results confirmed the spatial clustering of CRI. The results are therefore, useful in planning mitigation, response and preparedness measures across the country.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2021.102152
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Centre for Health and Society
Funding Information: Zimbabwe is currently on the drive to build resilience to disasters so as to ensure continued progress towards the improvement of the wellbeing of its citizens. This programme is being spear-headed by the Ministry of Agriculture with technical and financi
Additional Information: Copyright © 2021, The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composite resilience index (CRI),Disaster,District,Resilience,Variables,Zimbabwe,Building and Construction,Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology,Safety Research,Geology
Publication ISSN: 2212-4209
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2024 07:40
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2022 18:09
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.sci ... 212420921001187 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-04-15
Published Online Date: 2021-03-09
Accepted Date: 2021-02-20
Authors: Mavhura, Emmanuel
Manyangadze, Tawanda
Aryal, Komal Raj (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9980-4516)

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