Unzipping flood vulnerability and functionality loss:tale of struggle for existence of riparian buildings


Floods pose significant risk to riparian buildings as evidenced during many historical events. Although structural resilience to tsunami flooding is well studied in the literature, high-velocity and debris-laden floods in steep terrains are not considered adequately so far. Historical floods in steep terrains necessitate the need for flood vulnerability analysis of buildings. To this end, we report vulnerability of riparian-reinforced concrete buildings using forensic damage interpretations and empirical/analytical vulnerability analyses. Furthermore, we propose the concept and implications of functionality loss due to flooding in residential reinforced concrete (RC) buildings using empirical data. Fragility functions using inundation depth and momentum flux are presented for RC buildings considering a recent flooding event in Nepal. The results show that flow velocity and sediment load, rather than hydrostatic load, govern the damages in riparian RC buildings. However, at larger inundation depth, hydrostatic force alone may collapse some of the RC buildings.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-022-05433-5
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Centre for Health and Society
Funding Information: Authors are grateful to the support provided by the Nepal Engineers’ Association, in particular Tri Ratna Bajracharya, for the field reconnaissance. This work is developed based on the observations made during the field reconnaissance. Also, authors ackno
Additional Information: Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Flood performance,Flood risk,Flood vulnerability,Fragility function,Functionality loss,RC,Riparian building,Water Science and Technology,Atmospheric Science,Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Publication ISSN: 1573-0840
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 07:18
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2022 17:47
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://link.sp ... 069-022-05433-5 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2022-06-18
Published Online Date: 2022-06-18
Accepted Date: 2022-05-22
Authors: Gautam, Dipendra
Adhikari, Rabindra
Gautam, Suraj
Pandey, Vishnu Prasad
Thapa, Bhesh Raj
Lamichhane, Suraj
Talchabhadel, Rocky
Thapa, Saraswati
Niraula, Sunil
Aryal, Komal Raj (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9980-4516)
Lamsal, Pravin
Bastola, Subash
Sah, Sanjay Kumar
Subedi, Shanti Kala
Puri, Bijaya
Kandel, Bidur
Sapkota, Pratap
Rupakhety, Rajesh



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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