An adaptation of a macroscale methodology to assess the direct economic losses caused by Tropical Cyclone Idai in Zimbabwe

Abstract

Tropical cyclones are among the costliest disasters in the world, with reported losses amounting to billions of US dollars on an annual basis. To reduce the impact of disasters including cyclones, Zimbabwe signed the Sendai Framework whose Target C is aimed at reducing the direct economic losses of disasters. Under the direction of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR), an open-ended intergovernmental expert working group (OIEWG) developed a simple methodology for estimating direct disaster-economic loss. Therefore, this study tested the applicability of the OIEWG methodology in assessing the direct economic losses induced by Tropical Cyclone Idai (TCI) in Zimbabwe. The results revealed that TCI inflicted huge losses in most sectors of the economy, notably the housing, agriculture and the critical infrastructure. The sectoral analysis approach of the OIEWG methodology worked well in distinguishing direct and indirect loses as well as in underlining the need to adopt and effectively implement adequate risk reduction strategies in the built environment. Strengthening such strategies such as the ‘build back better’ principle, cyclone forecasting and warning systems and constructing cyclone-resilient infrastructure is critical in order to minimise direct losses attributed to cyclones.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jamba.v14i1.1276
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
College of Business and Social Sciences
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Centre for Health and Society
Additional Information: Funding Information: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors. Publisher Copyright: © 2022. The Authors. Licensee: AOSIS. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Direct economic loss,Estimate,Sector,Tropical cyclone idai,Zimbabwe,Safety Research,Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2024 08:23
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2022 14:19
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://jamba.o ... ticle/view/1276 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2022-09-26
Accepted Date: 2022-01-01
Submitted Date: 2021-12-15
Authors: Mavhura, Emmanuel
Aryal, Komal R. (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9980-4516)

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