Terminology for chain polymerization (IUPAC Recommendations 2021)


Chain polymerizations are defined as chain reactions where the propagation steps occur by reaction between monomer(s) and active site(s) on the polymer chains with regeneration of the active site(s) at each step. Many forms of chain polymerization can be distinguished according to the mechanism of the propagation step (e.g., cyclopolymerization – when rings are formed, condensative chain polymerization – when propagation is a condensation reaction, group-transfer polymerization, polyinsertion, ring-opening polymerization – when rings are opened), whether they involve a termination step or not (e.g., living polymerization – when termination is absent, reversible-deactivation polymerization), whether a transfer step is involved (e.g., degenerative-transfer polymerization), and the type of chain carrier or active site (e.g., radical, ion, electrophile, nucleophile, coordination complex). The objective of this document is to provide a language for describing chain polymerizations that is both readily understandable and self-consistent, and which covers recent developments in this rapidly evolving field.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/pac-2020-1211
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Materials Research (AIMR)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Urban Technology and the Environment (ASTUTE)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Polymer Research Group
Additional Information: © 2022 IUPAC & De Gruyter. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. For more information, please visit: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: anionic,catalyst-transfer,cationic,chain polymerization,controlled polymerization,coordination,coordination polymerization,group transfer polymerization,insertion polymerization,ionic polymerization,living polymerization,radical,radical polymerization,reverible deactivation polymerization,General Chemistry,General Chemical Engineering
Publication ISSN: 1365-3075
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2024 07:13
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2022 09:40
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.deg ... -2020-1211/html (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2022-11-11
Published Online Date: 2022-10-24
Accepted Date: 2022-06-09
Authors: Fellows, Christopher M.
Jones, Richard G.
Keddie, Daniel J.
Luscombe, Christine K.
Matson, John B.
Matyjaszewski, Krzysztof
Merna, Jan
Moad, Graeme
Nakano, Tamaki
Penczek, Stanislaw
Russell, Gregory T.
Topham, Paul D. (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4152-6976)

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