Long-term Effect of Dual-focus Contact Lenses on Myopia Progression in Children: A 6-year Multicenter Clinical Trial

Abstract

SIGNIFICANCE Treatment of myopic children with a dual-focus soft contact lens (DFCL; MiSight 1 day) produced sustained slowing of myopia progression over a 6-year period. Significant slowing was also observed in children switched from a single vision control to treatment lenses (3 years in each lens). PURPOSE This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of DFCLs in sustaining slowed progression of juvenile-onset myopia over a 6-year treatment period and assess myopia progression in children who were switched to a DFCL at the end of year 3. METHODS Part 1 was a 3-year clinical trial comparing DFCLs with a control contact lens (Proclear 1 day) at four investigational sites. In part 2, subjects completing part 1 were invited to continue for 3 additional years during which all children were treated with MiSight 1 day DFCLs (52 and 56 from the initially treated [T6] and control [T3] groups, respectively). Eighty-five subjects (45 [T3] and 40 [T6]) completed part 2. Cyclopleged spherical equivalent refractive errors (SEREs) and axial lengths (ALs) were monitored, and a linear mixed model was used to compare their adjusted change annually. RESULTS Average ages at part 2 baseline were 13.2 ± 1.3 and 13.0 ± 1.5 years for the T6 and T3 groups, respectively. Slowed myopia progression in the T6 group observed during part 1 was sustained throughout part 2 (mean ± standard error of the mean: change from baseline SERE [in diopters], -0.52 ± 0.076 vs. -0.51 ± 0.076; change in AL [in millimeters], 0.28 ± 0.033 vs. 0.23 ± 0.033; both P >.05). Comparing progression rates in part 2 for the T6 and T3 groups, respectively, indicates that prior treatment does not influence efficacy (SERE, -0.51 ± 0.076 vs. -0.34 ± 0.077; AL, 0.23 ± 0.03 vs. 0.18 ± 0.03; both P >.05). Within-eye comparisons of AL growth revealed a 71% slowing for the T3 group (3 years older than part 1) and further revealed a small subset of eyes (10%) that did not respond to treatment. CONCLUSIONS Dual-focus soft contact lenses continue to slow the progression of myopia in children over a 6-year period revealing an accumulation of treatment effect. Eye growth of the initial control cohort with DFCL was slowed by 71% over the subsequent 3-year treatment period.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1097/OPX.0000000000001873
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Optometry > Optometry
Funding Information: The clinical trial reported in this article was sponsored by CooperVision, Inc. Funding/Support: CooperVision Inc. (to PC). The study was sponsored by CooperVision Inc. No additional funding was received by the investigator or contract research organizati
Additional Information: Copyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Academy of Optometry. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. Funding Information: CooperVision Inc. (to PC). The study was sponsored by CooperVision Inc. No additional funding was received by the investigator or contract research organization.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ophthalmology,Optometry
Publication ISSN: 1538-9235
Last Modified: 20 May 2024 07:41
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2022 10:01
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http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2022-03-01
Accepted Date: 2021-12-30
Submitted Date: 2021-08-18
Authors: Chamberlain, Paul
Bradley, Arthur
Arumugam, Baskar
Hammond, David
McNally, John
Logan, Nicola S. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-0538-9516)
Jones, Deborah
Ngo, Cheryl
Peixoto-De-Matos, Sofia C.
Hunt, Chris
Young, Graeme

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