The Role of Multi‐Level Governance in Shaping Regional Growth and Competitiveness in the Basque Country


In light of ongoing debates in England over the urgency of new devolution deals to ‘level up’ the country, this article investigates how devolved powers have been used to transform and sustain the economy in one of the most economically successful regions in Europe: the Basque Country. Drawing upon interviews conducted with Basque politicians, researchers and practitioners, the article examines the role that multi‐level governance and public‐private collaboration have played in shaping the region's economic development, as well as the challenges that derive from its complex institutional structure. The article concludes by suggesting that one of the most significant takeaways from the Basque experience is the importance of using devolution to build a collaborative web of actors and institutions at regional and local level with an enduring common knowledge and purpose that far outlives any one government, as well as the social capital needed to sustain that.

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Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Politics, History and International Relations
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Aston Centre for Europe
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College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities
Additional Information: Copyright © 2022, The Author. The Political Quarterly published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Political Quarterly Publishing Co (PQPC). This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: devolution,multi‐level governance,economic growth,competitiveness,Basque Country,levelling up,multi-level governance,Sociology and Political Science
Publication ISSN: 1467-923X
Last Modified: 29 May 2024 17:28
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2022 08:53
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Related URLs: https://onlinel ... 1467-923X.13186 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2022-11
Published Online Date: 2022-10-08
Accepted Date: 2022-09-19
Authors: Gray, Caroline (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-8634-1468)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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