Ethical discussions for autonomous robotic surgeries


Artificial Intelligence is extensively applied and evolving in every field with emerging new techniques and approaches. Similarly, in the health care sector, robotic surgeries are expanding too. The significant leap from the fourth generation to the fifth generation of robots in the medical sector involves crucial decision making, robust infrastructure, and addressing ethical and legal obligations. This research addresses the ethical concern that may arise if surgeons are replaced with autonomous Robots. In this research, we performed a mixed-method approach involving quantitative (various literature reviews) and a qualitative survey which involved 60 participants and was conducted online. 52% of the respondents were not ready for complete automation of surgeries, and 77% were opposed to the possibility of the robot replacing surgeons. 75% of respondents recommended that surgeons monitor the interaction and that robots are aided than being entirely autonomous. Although surgeon substitution is not an ethical choice, these skills should be included in anesthetic and surgical preparation curricula and improved in a simulation environment. The future of this area requires exposure to continuous technological advancement and costing models and healthcare benefit networks for the next wave of robotic systems to achieve a foothold in the new healthcare industry.

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Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Operations & Information Management
Funding Information: This work is partly supported by VC
Additional Information: Copyright 2021 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
Event Title: 2nd International Conference on Industrial IoT, Big Data, and Supply Chain 2021
Event Type: Other
Event Dates: 2021-10-15 - 2021-10-17
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autonomous robots,Robotic surgeries (RSs),Surgeon replacement,Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials,Condensed Matter Physics,Computer Science Applications,Applied Mathematics,Electrical and Electronic Engineering
ISBN: 9781510651326
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2024 08:10
Date Deposited: 31 May 2022 16:57
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://www.spi ... 12.2622616.full (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Conference contribution
Published Date: 2021-12-19
Authors: Chang, Victor (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-8012-5852)
Kamanooru, Mohana R.
Darko, Gilbert Tsibu



Version: Accepted Version

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