The Prevalence of Long-Term Otitis Media Related Hearing Loss in Children and Its Impact on Developmental Outcomes

Abstract

Otitis media (OM) is a common cause of temporary hearing loss (HL) in childhood. However, for some children it may result in long-term HL lasting more than 3 months. Epidemiological studies of HL in childhood generally focus on permanent hearing impairment and not that due to OM. Therefore, the prevalence of long-term OM related HL is unknown as well as the potential impact that it may have on children’s development. This research aims to 1) systematically review existing literature on the impact of long-term OM related HL on cognition and academic ability; 2) determine the prevalence of long-term OM related HL in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) and 3) study the impact on cognitive, educational and mental health outcomes. The systematic review revealed weak evidence of long-term OM related HL having a negative impact on IQ and academic ability. In the ALSPAC study the prevalence of long-term OM related HL was 2.69% over the ages 7-15 years. This group had poorer IQ scores at age 15 than children without HL (verbal IQ: -4.72; performance IQ: -1.48). No associations were found with academic achievement at 15-16 years or anxiety and depression at 10 and 15 years. These findings indicate that the prevalence of long-term OM related HL is approximately 20 times higher than permanent HL in childhood. Furthermore, this HL has been shown to negatively impact cognition. Additional research is required to investigate the impact of this HL further and to determine how children can be better supported by clinical and educational services. A qualitative study design for future work using ethnographic and grounded theory methods to address this is presented.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.48780/publications.aston.ac.uk.00043690
Divisions: Aston University (General)
Additional Information: (c) Aleema Rahman, 2021. Aleema Rahman asserts her moral right to be identified as the author of this thesis. This copy of the thesis has been supplied on condition that anyone who consults it is understood to recognise that its copyright rests with its author and that no quotation from the thesis and no information derived from it may be published without appropriate permission or acknowledgement. If you have discovered material in Aston Publications Explorer which is unlawful e.g. breaches copyright, (either yours or that of a third party) or any other law, including but not limited to those relating to patent, trademark, confidentiality, data protection, obscenity, defamation, libel, then please read our Takedown Policy and contact the service immediately.
Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: otitis media with effusion,childhood hearing loss,prospective cohort study,cognition,psychosocial
Completed Date: 2021-06
Authors: Rahman, Aleema

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