Investigation on Yield, Fuel Properties, Ageing and Low Temperature Flow of Fish Oil Esters


Sustainable energy derived from waste resources helps to mitigate the greenhouse gas emissions generated from fossil fuels. In this study, a solid heterogeneous catalyst was synthesized by using eggshell and copper oxide [CaCu(OCH3)2]. Using this catalyst, biodiesel fuels were produced from waste sardine fish oil using either methanol, ethanol, or iso-propanol. To reduce the fatty acid content, esterification of the fish oil was performed before the transesterification. Three biodiesel samples were produced, namely, fish oil methyl ester (FOME), fish oil ethyl ester (FOEE), and fish oil propyl ester (FOPE). Experimental analysis studies were carried out under various operating conditions such as alcohol-to-oil ratio (v/v), catalyst concentration, reaction time and reaction temperature. The results indicate that the optimal operating condition were a 16:1 alcohol: oil ratio, using 3% catalyst (w/w %), a 90 min reaction time; and reaction temperatures of 65°C, 80°C, 85°C for methanol, ethanol, and isopropanol, respectively. The quality of prepared biodiesel samples revealed that both FOEE and FOPE have better physio-chemical properties than FOME. Ethanol and iso-propanol increased the low-temperature flow properties such as cloud point and pour points. In addition, stability studies performed over 10 months revealed that FOME is less stable than to FOEE and FOPE. These results will aid in strategies aimed at improving the use of polyunsaturated fish oils for biodiesel production.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Engineering and Technology > Mechanical, Biomedical & Design
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Energy and Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
Additional Information: © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license ( Funding Information: The study was funded by the UKIERI project (Grant Number: DST-UKIERI 18-19-04): Waste to Energy - Low Temperature Combustion of Sustainable Green Fuels.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel,Fish oil,Heterogeneous catalyst,Properties,Storage stability,Waste,Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment,Nuclear Energy and Engineering,Fuel Technology,Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Last Modified: 20 May 2024 07:39
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2022 14:41
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Related URLs: https://www.sci ... 59017452200040X (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2022-05
Published Online Date: 2022-04-02
Accepted Date: 2022-03-27
Authors: Sharma, Vikas (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-0603-8208)
Hossain, A K (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-8713-8058)
Griffiths, Gareth (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-7507-6945)
Duraisamy, Ganesh
Jacob Thomas, Justin



Version: Accepted Version

Access Restriction: Restricted to Repository staff only


Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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