Distributed Raman Amplification for Fiber Nonlinearity Compensation in a Mid-Link Optical Phase Conjugation System


In this paper, we review different designs of distributed Raman amplifiers which have been proposed to minimize the signal power profile asymmetry in mid-link optical phase conjugation systems. We demonstrate how the symmetrical signal power profiles along the fiber can be achieved using various distributed Raman amplification techniques in the single-span and more realistic multi-span circumstances. In addition, we show the theoretically predicted results of the Kerr nonlinear product reduction with different Raman techniques in mid-link optical phase conjugator systems, and then in-line/long-haul transmission performance using numerical simulations.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/s22030758
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Photonics Technology (AIPT)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Additional Information: © 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/). Funding: This research was funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Grant EP/S003436/1 (PHOS), EP/V000969/1 (ARGON), EP/S016171/1(EEMC), the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education Grant 12300051, EU Horizon 2020 Project 101008280, RTI2018-097957-B-C33 (ECOSYSTEM) funded by Spanish MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033, Research and innovation Programme SINFOTON2-CM (S2018/NMT-4326) co-financed by ESF funds, and the National Natural Science Foundation of China Grant 61975027.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coherent fiber optic communications,Optical phase conjugation,Raman amplification,Analytical Chemistry,Information Systems,Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics,Biochemistry,Instrumentation,Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Publication ISSN: 1424-8220
Last Modified: 22 May 2024 07:19
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2022 09:35
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.mdp ... 4-8220/22/3/758 (Publisher URL)
https://doi. or ... c.uk.00000534 ( (Related URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Review article
Published Date: 2022-01-19
Accepted Date: 2022-01-14
Authors: Tan, Mingming (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-0822-8160)
Rosa, Paweł
Nguyen, Tu T.
Al-Khateeb, Mohammad A. Z.
Iqbal, Md. Asif
Xu, Tianhua
Wen, Feng
Ania-Castañón, Juan D.
Ellis, Andrew D. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-0417-0547)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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