Securing the Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure

Abstract

Electric Vehicles (EVs) can help alleviate our reliance on fossil fuels for transport and electricity systems. However, charging millions of EV batteries requires management to prevent overloading the electricity grid and minimise costly upgrades that are ultimately paid for by consumers. Managed chargers, such as Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) chargers, allow control over the time, speed and direction of charging. Such control assists in balancing electricity supply and demand across a green electricity system and could reduce costs for consumers. Smart and V2G chargers connect EVs to the power grid using a charging device which includes a data connection to exchange information and control commands between various entities in the EV ecosystem. This introduces data privacy concerns and is a potential target for cyber-security attacks. Therefore, the implementation of a secure system is crucial to permit both consumers and electricity system operators to trust smart charging and V2G. In principle, we already have the technology needed for a connected EV charging infrastructure to be securely enabled, borrowing best practices from the Internet and industrial control systems. We must properly adapt the security technology to take into account the challenges peculiar to the EV charging infrastructure. Challenges go beyond technical considerations and other issues arise such as balancing trade-offs between security and other desirable qualities such as interoperability, scalability, crypto-agility, affordability and energy efficiency. This document reviews security and privacy topics relevant to the EV charging ecosystem with a focus on smart charging and V2G.

Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors
Uncontrolled Keywords: cs.CR,cs.NI
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2024 07:07
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2022 12:49
Full Text Link: https://arxiv.o ... /abs/2105.02905
Related URLs:
PURE Output Type: ["eprint_fieldname_pure_output_type_workingpaper/preprint" not defined]
Published Date: 2021-05-06
Authors: Metere, Roberto
Neaimeh, Myriam
Morisset, Charles
Maple, Carsten
Bellekens, Xavier
Czekster, Ricardo M. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-6636-4398)

Download

[img]

Version: Published Version

| Preview

Export / Share Citation


Statistics

Additional statistics for this record