Metal-Air Batteries—A Review


Metal–air batteries are a promising technology that could be used in several applications, from portable devices to large-scale energy storage applications. This work is a comprehensive review of the recent progress made in metal-air batteries MABs. It covers the theoretical considerations and mechanisms of MABs, electrochemical performance, and the progress made in the development of different structures of MABs. The operational concepts and recent developments in MABs are thoroughly discussed, with a particular focus on innovative materials design and cell structures. The classical research on traditional MABs was chosen and contrasted with metal–air flow systems, demonstrating the merits associated with the latter in terms of achieving higher energy density and efficiency, along with stability. Furthermore, the recent applications of MABs were discussed. Finally, a broad overview of challenges/opportunities and potential directions for commercializing this technology is carefully discussed. The primary focus of this investigation is to present a concise summary and to establish future directions in the development of MABs from traditional static to advanced flow technologies. A systematic analysis of this subject from a material and chemistry standpoint is presented as well.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Engineering and Technology > Mechanical, Biomedical & Design
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Additional Information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Applications,Cell design,Challenges,Metal-air battery,Metal–air flow batteries,Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment,Fuel Technology,Energy Engineering and Power Technology,Energy (miscellaneous),Control and Optimization,Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Publication ISSN: 1996-1073
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2024 07:13
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2021 11:48
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Related URLs: https://www.mdp ... 1073/14/21/7373 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Review article
Published Date: 2021-11-05
Accepted Date: 2021-10-18
Authors: Olabi, Abdul Ghani
Sayed, Enas Taha
Wilberforce, Tabbi (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-1250-1745)
Jamal, Aisha
Alami, Abdul Hai
Elsaid, Khaled
Rahman, Shek Mohammod Atiqure
Shah, Sheikh Khaleduzzaman
Abdelkareem, Mohammad Ali



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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