Staffing effectiveness across countries:An institutional perspective

Abstract

This study draws on institutional theory to investigate why and how staffing effectiveness varies across countries. Utilizing data from multiple sources (CRANET, GLOBE, WEF, Transparency International, Tightness-Looseness Index), it covers 2,918 organizations in 11 countries. Extending earlier research on comparative staffing that focuses on cultural or regulatory differences separately, our findings show that companies in different countries implement staffing practices in line with their normative (i.e., cultural), regulatory, and cognitive institutions. A second key finding shows that institutionally embedded staffing practices are associated with organizational turnover, thus challenging dominant universalist perspectives on staffing effectiveness. Finally, we shed light on a central yet understudied boundary condition of contextual perspectives on staffing by identifying the strength of institutional pressures (i.e., societal tightness-looseness) as a moderator of the relationships between national institutions, staffing, and turnover.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1748-8583.12411
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Work & Organisational Psychology
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Aston India Foundation for Applied Research
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
Additional Information: © 2021 The Authors. Human Resource Management Journal published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Staffing,Staffing Effectiveness,Organizational Turnover,Institutional Theory,Tightness-Looseness,Multilevel Analysis
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://onlinel ... 1748-8583.12411 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-10-15
Published Online Date: 2021-10-15
Accepted Date: 2021-09-11
Authors: Knappert, Lena
Peretz, Hilla
Aycan, Zeynep
Budhwar, Pawan (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-8915-6172)

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