Effects of ambient temperature and trip characteristics on the energy consumption of an electric vehicle

Abstract

This work evaluates the impacts of ambient temperature and trip characteristics on the energy consumption of an electric vehicle (EV) during road tests. The trip characteristics are here defined by the driving distance, stop time percentage and average vehicle speed. The analysis uses data collected from real-world driving of an EV in one of the most populous metropolitan regions in the UK for almost four years, using a dedicated monitoring software for real-time vehicle data processing. The results reveal that the EV specific energy consumption (SEC) increases under operation at low temperature, also showing a larger scatter. Significant changes in SEC are linked to auxiliary energy demand and trip characteristics, especially under cold temperatures. Trips complying with a real-world driving test procedure produced lower SEC than random trips at cold temperatures but showed closed values at moderate temperatures. At both cold and moderate temperature conditions the EV presented lower SEC for urban driving, in comparison with rural and motorway operation, confirming its adequacy for application in metropolitan areas. Urban EV operation at low temperatures from 0°C to 15°C has a trip range 28% lower than driving at moderate temperatures from 15°C to 25°C.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2021.122028
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering & Design
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Energy and Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Urban Technology and the Environment (ASTUTE)
Additional Information: © 2021, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electric vehicles,energy consumption,ambient temperature,heat load,real-world conditions
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Related URLs: https://linking ... 360544221022763 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2022-01-01
Published Online Date: 2021-09-14
Accepted Date: 2021-09-08
Authors: Al-Wreikat, Yazan
Serrano, Clara (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9503-3558)
Sodré, José Ricardo (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-2243-8719)

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Version: Accepted Version

Access Restriction: Restricted to Repository staff only until 14 September 2022.

License: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives


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