A review on failure modes of wind turbine components

Abstract

To meet the increasing energy demand, renewable energy is considered the best option. Its patronage is being encouraged by both the research and industrial community. The main driving force for most renewable systems is solar energy. It is abundant and pollutant free compared to fossil products. Wind energy is also considered an abundant medium of energy generation and often goes hand in hand with solar energy. The last few decades have seen a sudden surge in wind energy compared to solar energy due to most wind energy systems being cost effective compared to solar energy. Wind turbines are often categorised as large or small depending on their application and energy generation output. Sustainable materials for construction of different parts of wind turbines are being encouraged to lower the cost of the system. The turbine blades and generators perform crucial roles in the overall operation of the turbines; hence, their material composition is very critical. Today, most turbine blades are made up of natural fiber‐reinforced polymer (NFRP) as well as glass fiber‐reinforced polymer (GFRP). Others are also made from wood and some metallic materials. Each of the materials introduced has specific characteristics that affect the system’s efficiency. This investigation explores the influence of these materials on turbine efficiency. Observations have shown that composites reinforced with nanomaterials have excellent mechanical characteristics. Carbon nanotubes have unique characteristics that may make them valuable in wind turbine blades in the future. It is possible to strengthen carbon nanotubes with various kinds of resins to get a variety of different characteristics. Similarly, the end‐of‐life treatment methods for composite materials is also presented.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en14175241
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering & Design
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composite material,Cost analysis,Failure mode,Turbine blade,Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment,Fuel Technology,Energy Engineering and Power Technology,Energy (miscellaneous),Control and Optimization,Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://www.mdp ... 1073/14/17/5241 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Review article
Published Date: 2021-08-24
Accepted Date: 2021-08-05
Authors: Olabi, Abdul Ghani
Wilberforce, Tabbi (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-1250-1745)
Elsaid, Khaled
Sayed, Enas Taha
Salameh, Tareq
Abdelkareem, Mohammad Ali
Baroutaji, Ahmad

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