Influence of anti-ageing compounds on rheological properties of bitumen


The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different anti-ageing compounds (AACs) on the oxidative stability, rheological and mechanical properties of bitumen. Modified bitumen samples containing six different AAC combinations, with five samples containing Irganox acid (3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydoxyphenylpropionic acid), a hindered phenol polymer-based antioxidant, were fabricated and aged under different conditions using a Rolling Thin Film Oven (RTFO) as well as a Pressure Aging Vessel (PAV). The oxidative stabilising performance (anti-ageing) of the AACs was examined using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy. The effect of the AAC-modified bitumen on different rheological and mechanical properties was investigated - complex viscosity, linear viscoelastic (LVE) properties, fatigue and rutting - using a Dynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR). The results illustrated that all the AAC-combinations examined afforded good oxidative stability to the base bitumen, with outstanding anti-ageing performance achieved by formulations C, D, E and F (Irganox acid:NaMMT, Irganox acid:furfural without or with DLTDP or NaMMT). The rheological results showed that the AAC-modified bitumen samples displayed non-Newtonian characteristics associated with simple thermo-rheological materials. The AAC formulations A (DLTDP:furfural), D (Irganox acid:furfural) and F (DLTDP:Irganox acid:furfural) were shown to significantly strengthen the resistance of the bitumen samples to fatigue cracking. In contrast to Irganox acid:furfural combination, the addition of the NaMMT nanofiller to this mixture was found to enhance the rutting resistance of the aged bitumen samples.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Engineering Systems and Supply Chain Management
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Urban Technology and the Environment (ASTUTE)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Materials Research (AIMR)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
Additional Information: © 2021, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Funding: The authors would like to acknowledge the support from the PPP Research Unit, CEAC, Aston University, UK. This work is part of a project that has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 101030767.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anti-ageing compounds,Bitumen,Fatigue cracking,Rheological properties,Rutting resistance,Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment,Environmental Science(all),Strategy and Management,Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Publication ISSN: 1879-1786
Last Modified: 15 May 2024 07:16
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2021 09:35
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Related URLs: https://linking ... 959652621027670 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-10-10
Published Online Date: 2021-08-05
Accepted Date: 2021-08-04
Authors: Gao, Yangming
Zhang, Yuqing (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-5825-0131)
Omairey, Eman L. (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4915-4900)
Al-Malaika, Sahar (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-1378-0603)
Sheena, Husam

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