Compact vector twist sensor using a small period long period fiber grating inscribed with femtosecond laser

Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a sensitive vector twist sensor based on a small period long period fiber grating (SP-LPFG) fabricated with a femtosecond (fs) laser. The fabricated SP-LPFG is compact in size (2.8 mm) and shows strong polarization dependent peaks in its transmission spectrum due to the vectorial behavior of high-order cladding modes. Twist sensing is realized by monitoring the polarization dependent peaks, since the polarization of input light changes with fiber twist. The proposed sensor can be interrogated by the peak intensity and wavelength, with high twist sensitivity that reaches 0.257 dB/deg and 0.115 nm/deg, respectively.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.3788/COL202119.090601
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Electrical, Electronic & Power Engineering
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Photonics Technology
Additional Information: This paper was published in Chinese Optics Letters and is made available as an electronic reprint with the permission of OSA. The paper can be found at the following URL on the OSA website: https://www.osapublishing.org/col/abstract.cfm?uri=col-19-9-090601. Systematic or multiple reproduction or distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means is prohibited and is subject to penalties under law. Funding: This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Nos. 11574070, 11874126, 51803037), Leading Talents of Guangdong Province Program (No. 2016LJ06D506), and the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (No. 2019A1515011229).
Uncontrolled Keywords: fiber optical sensor,long period fiber grating,twist sensor
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.osa ... col-19-9-090601 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-09-10
Published Online Date: 2021-07-12
Accepted Date: 2021-03-04
Authors: Shen, Fangcheng
Shu, Xuewen
Zhou, Kaiming (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-6011-1912)
Jiang, Haiming
Xia, Hongyan
Xie, Kang
Zhang, Lin (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-1691-5577)

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Version: Accepted Version

Access Restriction: Restricted to Repository staff only until 12 July 2022.


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