Living-Transforming Disaster Relief Shelter: A Conceptual Approach for Sustainable Post-Disaster Housing


The purpose of this paper is to investigate the performance of post-disaster housing reconstruction projects, propose the conceptual Living-transforming disaster relief shelter (LTFDR-shelter) approach where temporary shelter is incrementally transformed into a more permanent dwelling by using living technologies, and investigate its applicability to provide sustainable post-disaster housing following natural-hazard-induced disasters. A questionnaire survey with 120 household recipients of three Sri Lankan post-disaster housing projects was employed to explore how the post-disaster housing projects have performed against the occupants' expectations. Furthermore, the new proposed LTFDR-shelter conceptual approach's applicability to address the existing issues found in the study was investigated. The paper evaluates and identifies the physical and technical, and socio-economic performance issues of post-disaster housing and discusses the applicability of the proposed LTFDR-shelter conceptual approach as an efficient tool to adequately improve the identified factors integrating three phases of relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction employing living technology. Although the study's scope was limited to the occupant view of the performance of post-disaster housing in Sri Lanka, the findings and conceptual LTFDR-shelter approach could be of particular relevance to other developing countries affected by similar disasters. Further research is recommended to investigate and develop this concept in depth. This study lays the conceptual foundation for a new theoretical approach in post-disaster housing, which encourages more interdisciplinary collaborations and empirical investigations that potentially enhance post-disaster housing performance and facilitates the application of living technology in the built environment.

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Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Engineering Systems and Supply Chain Management
Additional Information: © 2021 Emerald Publishing. This AAM is deposited under the CC BY-NC 4.0 licence. Any reuse is allowed in accordance with the terms outlined by the licence. To reuse the AAM for commercial purposes, permission should be sought by contacting
Uncontrolled Keywords: Housing,Performance,Post-disaster,post-disaster housing,Transform,Living Technology
Publication ISSN: 2044-1258
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2024 07:19
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2021 13:17
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Related URLs: https://www.eme ... -0076/full/html (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-10-21
Published Online Date: 2021-06-22
Accepted Date: 2021-06-01
Authors: Ghanbarzadeh Ghomi, Sara
Wedawatta, Gayan (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-8600-5077)
Ginige, Kanchana
Ingirige, Bingunath


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