Parental feeding, child eating and physical activity:Differences in children living with and without asthma

Abstract

This study aimed to establish the differences in parental attitudes toward feeding and activity, as well as child eating and activity levels, between families of children living with and without asthma. Parents of children and young people aged between 10 and 16 years living both with asthma (n = 310) and without asthma (n = 311) completed measures for parental feeding, parental attitudes toward child exercise, child eating, child activity level and asthma control. Children living with asthma had a significantly higher BMIz (BMI standardised for weight and age) score, were significantly more likely to emotionally overeat and desired to drink more than their peers without asthma. Parents of children with asthma reported greater use of food to regulate emotions, restriction of food for weight control, monitoring of child activity, pressure to exercise and control over child activity. When asthma symptoms were controlled, parental restriction of food for weight management predicted greater child BMIz scores, and higher child activity predicted lower child BMIz scores. These relationships were not found to be significant for children with inadequately controlled asthma. Differences in parental attitudes toward feeding and exercise, and child eating and exercise behaviors, between families may help to explain the increased obesity risk for children with asthma.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073452
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Psychology
College of Health & Life Sciences > Applied Health Research Group
College of Health & Life Sciences
Additional Information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/). Funding Information: This study was co-funded by [redacted for blinding], grant number BCHRF430.The authors would like to thank Birmingham Women?s and Children's Hospital Charity for supporting this research and all of the participants for their contribution.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescence,Asthma,Exercise,Feeding,Parents,Weight management,Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health,Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://www.mdp ... -4601/18/7/3452 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-03-26
Accepted Date: 2021-03-23
Authors: Clarke, Rebecca
Heath, Gemma (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-1569-5576)
Pattison, Helen
Nagakumar, Prasad
Farrow, Claire (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-3745-6610)

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