Channel characteristics for intra-vehicle wireless communications


Vehicles are continuously being improved to enhance the driving experience by integrating new technologies. Recent luxury vehicles may have over 70 Electronic Control Units (ECU) and 2200 cables. It is estimated that the number of ECUs and connections between ECUs and sensors will continuously increase to meet growing network requirements. The wire harness is the third most expensive component in a vehicle, reducing the number of cables through wireless communications would consequently result in space, cost, and fuel savings. However, the behaviour of the intra-vehicle channel and suitable wireless network technologies for an intra-vehicle network have not been fully addressed. In this research, the intra-vehicle narrowband loss performance in non-line-of-sight and line-of-sight condition was investigated and compared through real field tests. The results indicate that fading behaviour is primarily caused by small-scale rather than large-scale fading. An empirical-based path loss model is proposed with its parameters extracted from the real field test measurements. Further analysis of the small-scale fading through Rician K-factor reveals the dependence of the K-factor with distance and locations. These investigations suggest that for a narrowband system whereby the bandwidth of the transmitted signal is lower than the coherence bandwidth; the channel can be modelled using Rician fading. Furthermore, the wideband and ultra-wideband channel was characteristics through a real field tests. The results demonstrate that the multipath fading of intra-vehicle channel is much worse than other type of environments such as factory workshops and hospitals. Finally, the time-varying characteristics of the intra-vehicle channel, tested under various scenarios, suggest that the channel's coherence time is primarily impacted by passenger motion in the vehicle. Considering both the channel loss and time-varying characteristics, the performance trade-off's of the cooperative communication system against retransmission was evaluated.

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Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Informatics and Digital Engineering > Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Aston University (General)
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Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: channel characteristics,intra-vehicle,wireless communications,automotive
Completed Date: 2020-06
Authors: Mohd Yusoff, Mohd

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