Multiobjective nested optimization framework for simultaneous integration of multiple photovoltaic and battery energy storage systems in distribution networks


The rapid growth of renewables in modern distribution networks results in the spilling of energy due to the limited hosting capacity of these networks, violation of system constraints, reduced network efficiency, and improper utilization of resources. Battery energy storage system (BESS), in spite of its high cost, a shorter life and complex control, offers a flexible solution for the problem. In this paper, a multiobjective nested optimization framework is developed for the simultaneous optimal allocation of multiple solar photovoltaics (SPVs) and BESSs in the distribution networks. The framework involves a two-layered structure; the outer layer provides tentative planning solutions to the inner layer that optimizes the desired objectives of network operations and then returns the functional values back to the outer layer. The purpose of the inner-layer is to satisfy the operational constraints of the networks and ensure the optimal utilization of BESS capacities, suggested by the outer layer, at the time of planning itself. A new BESS operating strategy is proposed for optimum utilization of BESS. The nested multiobjective optimization problem is handled by suggesting a new weighted sum approach in conjunction with a recently developed swarm intelligence-based algorithm, i.e. moth search optimization. Overall, the proposed deterministic model essentially ensures the high penetration of SPVs and the optimal utilization of BESSs to justify their installation. The optimization model is investigated on a benchmark 33-bus test distribution network. The application results highlight enhanced energy efficiency, peak load shaving, high renewable penetration, voltage profile improvement, and mitigation of reverse power flow while effectively absorbing the excess renewable power generation during light load hours.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Additional Information: © 2021, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Uncontrolled Keywords: Battery energy storage systems,Distribution systems,Integration of RESs,Moth search optimization,Nested optimization framework,Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment,Energy Engineering and Power Technology,Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Publication ISSN: 2352-152X
Last Modified: 14 May 2024 07:20
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2021 14:04
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Related URLs: https://www.sci ... 027X?via%3Dihub (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-03
Published Online Date: 2021-01-18
Accepted Date: 2021-01-04
Authors: Thokar, Rayees Ahmad
Gupta, Nikhil
Niazi, K.R.
Swarnkar, Anil
Meena, Nand K. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-4092-3921)

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