Geospatial User Feedback: how to raise users’ voice and collectively build knowledge at the same time


Geospatial data is used not only to contemplate reality but also, in combination with analytical tools, to generate new information that requires interpretation. In this process data users gain knowledge about the data and its limitations (the user side of data quality) as well as knowledge on the status and evolutions of the studied phenomena. Knowledge can be annotations on top of the data, responses to questions, a careful description of the processes applied, a piece of software code or scripts applied to the data, usage reports or a complete scientific paper. This paper proposes an extension of the current Open Geospatial Consortium standard for Geospatial User Feedback to include the required knowledge elements, and a practical implementation. The system can incrementally collect, store, and communicate knowledge elements created by users of the data and keep them linked to the original data by means of permanent data identifiers. The system implements a Web API to manage feedback items as a frontend to a database. The paper demonstrates how a JavaScript widget accessing this API as a client can be easily integrated into existing data catalogues, such as the ECOPotential web service or the GEOEssential data catalogue, to collectively collect and share knowledge.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Systems analytics research institute (SARI)
Additional Information: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license ( Funding: This work was supported by NEXTGEOSS, e-shape., ERA-Planet and ECOPotential. These projects have received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement No 730329, 820852, 689443 and 641762. This work was also supported by the Spanish MCIU Ministry through the NEWFORLAND research project (RTI2018- 099397-B-C21/C22 MCIU/AEI/ERDF, EU) and by the Catalan Government (SGR2017 1690). Xavier Pons is a recipient of an ICREA Academia Excellence in Research Grant (2016–2020).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Annotations,Geospatial data,Knowledge,Metadata,User feedback,Geography, Planning and Development,Computers in Earth Sciences,Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Publication ISSN: 2220-9964
Last Modified: 16 May 2024 07:14
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2021 09:25
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.mdp ... 0-9964/10/3/141 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-03-05
Accepted Date: 2021-03-01
Submitted Date: 2021-01-11
Authors: Zabala, Alaitz
Masó, Joan
Bastin, Lucy (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-1321-0800)
Giuliani, Gregory
Pons, Xavier



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

| Preview


Access Restriction: Restricted to Repository staff only

Export / Share Citation


Additional statistics for this record