The (non) determinants of Olympic success


This paper empirically examines the determinants of Summer Olympic success during the period 1996-2016. By modifying the panel Tobit estimator using the Mundlak transform, the results find that population size and the host effect are the only statistically significant determinants of Olympic attainment. We also show that participating in front of a home crowd will stimulate athletic performance equally for each gender, but the impact of population differs between the sexes. These findings are confirmed using a hurdle estimator. This relaxes the assumption that the factors determining Olympic success are the same as those that influence the quantity of success.

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Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Economics, Finance & Entrepreneurship
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Additional Information: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License ( which permits any use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (
Uncontrolled Keywords: Olympic games,gender differences,gender equality,host effect,medal count,Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)
Publication ISSN: 1527-0025
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Related URLs: https://journal ... 527002521992833 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-06
Published Online Date: 2021-02-23
Accepted Date: 2021-01-04
Authors: Rewilak, Johan (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-5337-8873)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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